Other topics in Measures and Restrictions

Measures and Restrictions

Other topics in Measures and Restrictions

Last Updated: 5 May 2020

CountryPolitical & human rights interventionsSocial welfare measuresTax & industry regulationMacroeconomic indicators & policies
Burkina Faso➤State of Emergency: 27 March, state of health emergency declared. State of emergency measures updated on 20 April
➤Lockdown: Night-time curfews imposed from 9pm to 4am
➤Lockdown: All cities with registered cases to be placed under 14-day quarantine, with the exception of cargo and humanitarian support
➤Lockdown: 4 May, suspension of quarantine in cities
➤Movement and restrictions: Air and land borders remain closed, and curfew imposed 
➤Social distancing measures: Closure of universities, cancellation of major public events, quarantine for affected cities
➤Social distancing measures: Masks made mandatory nationwide (effective 27 April)
➤Social assistance scheme: Government developed a separate economic and social response plan, enshrined in a new Finance Law which seeks to protect vulnerable households and businesses
➤Social assistance measures: In accordance with new Finance Law, government will provide direct support in payment of water and electricity bills for vulnerable families. Government will also work to ensure retailers do not hike prices for key consumer goods.
➤Public health measures: Government adopted emergency health response plan in collaboration with WHO and technical partners
➤Public health measures: Top government officials, including the President and cabinet ministers, have donated part of their salaries to support emergency operations
➤Public Health measures: Masks made mandatory nationwide (effective 27 April)

➤Tax incentives: Economic and social response plan, led by the Ministry of Finance, allows vulnerable businesses significant tax breaks, including reduced taxes for the hospitality sector, extended tax deadlines, and tax rebates on a case-by-case basis. The government will also reduce business licence costs for transport and hospitality sectors by 25%
➤Tax incentives: Under the new Finance Law, all goods which are key to the COVID-19 response will be exempt from VAT
➤Revision of expenditures: 2 April, announcement of plans to revise 2020 budget to address the pandemic
➤State of Emergency: 24 March, state of emergency declared. 23 April, state of emergency extended for 15 days
➤Lockdown: Lockdown in Kinshasa’s Gombe neighbourhood
➤Social distancing measures: All non-essential public venues (bars, restaurants, schools) are closed
➤Social distancing measures: Prohibition of large gatherings in public spaces
➤Movement restrictions: Restricted travel between Kinshasa and rest of the DRC
➤Movement restrictions: Suspension of passenger flights from abroad
➤Movement restrictions: Border posts closed to non-cargo shipments

➤Social assistance scheme: 1 April, government announced provision of free electricity and water for two months across the country; prohibition to evict renters for financial reasons from March to June 2020; suspension of VAT on production and sale of basic goods
➤Public health surveillance: New national response plan, focuses on early detection and surveillance, improving medical care for patients, developing effective communication strategies and medical platforms
➤Tax incentives: Pharmaceutical products, medical materials and any goods essential to the COVID-19 response are exempt from tax and duties for 6 months
➤Tax incentives: 3 month suspension on various taxes including VAT for essential goods and materials, employee taxes (on remuneration and bonuses), agricultural products and corporate r
➤Tax incentives: Suspension of tax audits for businesses; grace period for businesses on tax arrears; full tax deductibility on donations made to the COVID-19 relief fund
➤Central Bank interventions: Central Bank has taken measures to ease liquidity conditions
➤Central Bank interventions: Policy rate reduced to 7.5%

➤National response plan: Preparedness and response national plan with an estimated budget of $135 million has been put in place
➤Financial support mobilisation: 22 April, IMF approved the disbursement of $363 million to the DRC under the Rapid Credit Facility
Ethiopia➤State of Emergency: Declared a state of emergency on 8 April.
➤State of Emergency: In late March, Tigray State imposed a state of emergency and internal lockdown. On 23 April, lockdown measures were eased, though the state of emergency is expected to last for three months
➤State of Emergency: Public transport banned in Amhara, Oromia (aside from transportation to countryside in the region), Benishangul-Gumuz, Southern Nations and Nationalities People’s Region (aside from taxis)
➤Social distancing measures: Ban on public gatherings, including postponement of religious meetings.
###Social distancing measures: Schools and universities closed
➤Social distancing measures: Partial closure of federal courts since 18 March. However, as of 8 April, courts are permitted to hear cases relating to domestic violence
➤Social distancing measures: Vehicles limited to carrying 50% of their passenger capacity
➤Social distancing measures: Restrictions on restaurants and hotels
➤Social distancing measures: Handshakes banned and face masks mandatory in public spaces
➤Movement restrictions: All travellers entering the country subject to a mandatory 14-day quarantine in a designated hotel
➤Movement restrictions: Suspension of Ethiopian Airline flights to 30 countries and 80 international destinations since 21 March
➤Movement restrictions: Closure of land borders. Only essential goods permitted to enter
➤Movement restrictions: Tigray State banned all intra regional travel
➤Movement restrictions: Restricted driving: odd and even number plates allowed on alternate days
➤Enforcement measures: Security sector enforcing social distancing measures
➤Creation of a dedicated funding vehicle: Launch of a resource mobilisation committee
➤Social assistance scheme: Evictions and rent increases banned in Tigray
➤Social assistance scheme: The government has agreed on a draft of an economic stimulus package intended to minimise layoffs during the pandemic
➤Social assistance scheme: The Ministry of Trade and Industry is monitoring and acting against businesses unnecessarily increasing prices on consumer goods

➤Central Bank interventions: $475 million made available to private banks for debt relief and additional loans

➤Financial support mobilisation: $83 million secured from World Bank
➤Financial support mobilisation: IMF has approved $411 million loan to Ethiopia to support the COVID-19 response
Kenya➤Lockdown: Partial lockdown in place. Measures being eased in some areas. For example, restaurants are now permitted to open provided they adhere to strict COVID-19 guidelines developed by the National Emergency Response Committee
➤Lockdown: Daily curfew from 7pm to 5am. On 26 April, curfew extended for 21 days
➤Social distancing measures: Closure of schools
➤Social distancing measures: Ban on public gatherings, including weddings and funerals
➤Social distancing measures: Suspension of hearing of cases in open court
➤Social distancing measures: Bars and clubs closed. Restaurants only able to provide take-away services.
➤Social distancing measures: Wearing of face masks mandatory in public spaces
➤Movement restrictions: Cessation of movement in and out of Kakuma and Dadaab refugee camps effective 29 April
➤Movement restrictions: Travel ban on people entering the country except citizens and residents
➤Movement restrictions: Closure of the Kenya-Ethiopia border
➤Movement restrictions: Ban on international flights extended for 30 days from 6 April (cargo exempt)
➤Movement restrictions: Travel to and from Nairobi, Mombasa, Kilifi and Kwale counties suspended for 21 days from 6 April
➤Social assistance scheme: Government has earmarked 40 billion shillings for health expenditure, surveillance, food relief, social protection and cash transfers
➤Social assistance scheme: National Hygiene Program intended to keep the poor earning during the pandemic by employing those in informal settlements to produce face masks
➤Social assistance scheme: Employers to release employees by 4pm
➤Social assistance scheme: Central Bank of Kenya has increased M-Pesa transaction limits
➤Social assistance scheme: $94m allocated to support vulnerable people
➤Social assistance scheme: Vulnerable families receiving weekly COVID-19 stipend and cash transfer
➤Public health measures: The government has ordered targeted mass testing of truck drivers, after reports of truck drivers exporting the virus to neighbouring countries
➤Tax incentives: Government has vowed to clear pending bills and to process tax refunds rapidly to support struggling firms
➤Tax incentives: Government has proposed 100% tax relief for individuals earning up to KES24,000 per month
➤Tax incentives: Reduction of corporate tax rates
➤Tax incentives: Reduction of VAT from 16% to 14%
➤Tax incentives: Counties waive tax on domestic agricultural trade for products moving between counties in order to lower food prices
➤Central Bank interventions: Central Bank planning to unlock KES7.4 billion to support the government’s COVID-19 response
➤Financial support mobilisation: On 2 April, Kenya received USD 50 million in World Bank support for emergency COVID-19-related measures. Kenya is still seeking additional support from the EU and the IMF

Nigeria➤Lockdown: Lockdowns have been declared in Lagos, Abuja, Ogun, Bauchi, Kano and Borno states. On 27 April, federal government announced lockdowns will remain in place until 4 May, after which there will be a phased lifting of restrictions
➤Lockdown: The federal government has placed Edo, Oyo and Osun states under watch following a concerning rise in COVID-19 cases in these areas
➤Lockdown: On 27 April, federal government unveiled new nationwide measures, including a curfew, the mandatory wearing of face masks, and restrictions on non-essential travel between regions
➤Social distancing measures: Closure of all schools and universities nationwide
➤Social distancing measures: Ban on gatherings of more than 50 people
➤Social distancing measures: Work at home encouraged in several states and government institutions
➤Social distancing measures: President Buhari pardoned 2,600 prisoners to reduce overcrowding
➤Movement restrictions: Borders and airspaces/international airports closed, this has been extended until 4 May
➤Movement restrictions: Suspension of domestic rail services
➤ Creation of dedicated financial vehicle: Fiscal stimulus package (COVID-19 intervention fund) of $1.4 billion approved by the president to support healthcare facilities, provide relief for taxpayers, and incentivise employers to retain and recruit staff during the downturn
➤Social assistance scheme: Federal government plans to use bank verification numbers and mobile phone networks to identify the most vulnerable people in the country who will receive financial aid from the government
➤Social assistance measures: The federal government has made arrangements to reduce prolonged power outages in the country during the lockdown period
➤Social assistance measures: Regulated fuel prices have been reduced
➤Public health measures: Contingency fund of $2.7 million released to Nigeria’s centre for disease control
➤Public health measures: $18 million distributed for purchasing more testing kits, opening isolation centers and training medical personnel
➤Public health measures: $28 million in funding released to Lagos state to contain the outbreak
###Public health measures: The federal government has directed its 36 states to provide 300-bed facilities
➤Public health measures: Nigerian Ministry of Health has activated Emergency Operations Centers in all of the affected states to coordinate the outbreak response activities
###Public health surveillance: House-to-house survey to track symptoms initiated by Lagos state health commissioners
➤Tax incentives: Delayed tax filing deadlines
➤Tax incentives: Waiver of late returns penalty
➤Tax incentives: Suspension of field audits
➤Loosening of customs measures: Introduction of import duty waivers for pharmaceutical firms
➤Central Bank interventions: CBN announced a $139 million targeted credit facility
➤Central Bank interventions: CBN injected NGN 3.6 trillion (2.4% of GDP) of liquidity into the banking system; including NGN 100 billion to support the health sector, NGN 2 trillion to the manufacturing sector, and NGN 1.5 trillion to the real sector to impacted industries
➤Central Bank interventions: CBN is coordinating a private sector special intervention initiative, looking to provide NGN 120 billion ($333 million) to combat COVID-19
➤Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) announced a N1.1tn injection of funds to support critical sectors of the economy
➤Central Bank interventions: CBN has reduced interest rates on all applicable CBN interventions from 9 to 5 percent and introduced a one year moratorium on CBN intervention facilities
➤Central Bank interventions: Naira been devalued by 15%
➤Financial support mobilisation: $2 million mobilised by the UN office in Nigeria
➤Financial support mobilisation: $55 million donated by the EU
➤$262 million injected into health system
➤Financial support mobilisation: The government is seeking to borrow up to $6.9 billion from international lenders ➤Financial support mobilisation: IMF approves US$ 3.4 Billion in Emergency Support to Nigeria to address the COVID-19 Pandemic
➤Debt interventions: Germany has granted Nigeria $22.4 million in debt relief to support the COVID-19 response
➤Revision of expenditures: In anticipation of falling oil revenues, federal government is suspending or cutting non-essential capital spending
➤State of Emergency: Declared on 23 March. This was extended on 4 April for a further 30 days. Due to be lifted on 3 May
➤Lockdown: Nationwide curfew enacted between 8pm and 6am
➤Social distancing measures: Bans on public gathering
➤Social distancing measures: Schools closed
➤Movement restrictions: International commercial flight operations suspended. On 17 April, this was extended to 31 May
➤Movement restrictions: Limits on inter-regional travel
➤Creation of dedicated financial vehicle: National solidarity fund of up to CFAF 1 trillion (7 percent of GDP) established, with financing coming from donor contributions, voluntary donations, and the budget
➤Social assistance scheme: CFAF 69 billion allocated to provide urgent food aid and essential medical supplies
➤Social assistance scheme: CFAF 15 billion allocated to finance the suspension of utility payments for poorer customers
➤Social assistance scheme: CFAF 12.5 billion allocated to the Senegalese diaspora
➤Tax incentives: Postponement of tax payments for enterprises
➤Tax incentives: Partial write-off of tax debt
➤Financial support mobilisation: World Bank has approved $20 million credit facility to help Senegal’s COVID-19 response
➤Financial support mobilisation: $442 million in financing approved by IMF to provide liquidity to support the authorities’ response
➤Revision to expenditures: CFAF 71 billion (0.5 percent of GDP) allocated to finance additional health spending
South Africa➤State of disaster: Declared on 15 March for 3 months
➤Social distancing measure: Social distancing and sanitation guidelines in place. All social gatherings prohibited
➤Social distancing measure: Schools to re-open from 6 May, with students returning in a phase approach
➤Social distancing measure: Prison visits suspended from 16 March
➤Lockdown: Introduced on 27 March
➤Curfew: Applicable from 8pm to 5am
➤Lockdown: Measures gradually eased from 1 May. Outdoor exercise allowed and inter-provincial travel exceptionally allowed
➤Movement restrictions: Closure of all borders except for the transport of fuel and essential goods
➤Movement restrictions: Travel to and from work authorised with a permit
➤Movement restrictions: All South African Airways flights suspended until 31 May
➤Movement restrictions: International and domestic flights, and cruise ships prohibited
➤Movement restrictions: Public transport operating with strict hygiene requirements and reduced passenger number
➤Movement restrictions: Essential staff include medical professional, shop workers, essential services staff, IT professionals, hardware stores, call centre teams, tradespeople, and workers at oil refineries and mines
➤Movement restrictions: Restaurants open for takeaway and delivery
➤Movement restrictions: Businesses under retail, agriculture, manufacturing, transport, media, mining, energy and food service allowed to operate however under strict guidelines and observing curfew times
➤Movement restrictions: Roadblocks in place
➤Enforcement measures: Military supporting police in enforcing lockdown
➤Creation of dedicated financial vehicle: Compensation Fund to be paid to employees who have contracted COVID-19 in the workplace
➤Creation of dedicated financial vehicle: SMEs supported via Debt Relief Fund and Business Growth and Resilience Facility
➤Social assistance scheme: Social security agency making early social grant payments to elderly and disabled
➤Social assistance scheme: R40 billion set aside for the unemployment Insurance Fund
➤Social assistance scheme: $2.6 billion earmarked for social grants
➤Social assistance scheme: Social Relief of Distress Grant of R350 per month introduced
➤Social assistance scheme: R1.2 billion mobilised to support smallholder farmers and contribute to secure food supply
➤Public health surveillance: Ban on evictions
➤Public health measures: Wearing of masks mandatory in public spaces.
➤Tax incentives: Fast-tracking of VAT refunds
➤Tax incentives: 3-month delay on carbon tax payments
➤Tax incentives: Tax subsidy of R750 for private sector employees earning below R6,500 per month
➤Tax incentives: Four-month holiday for companies’ skills development levy contributions
➤Tax incentives: Tax deferrals to be considered for businesses with a turnover of more than $5.2 million
➤Tax incentives: Businesses with revenues of less than R50 million allowed to delay paying 20% of their employees’ tax liabilities over the next 4 months
➤Tax incentives: VAT relief for importation of essential goods
➤Mandatory employment measures: Banks and retail sectors exempted from certain measures of competition law to coordinate on measures to support businesses and citizens
➤Mandatory employment measures: $10.6 million Loan Grant Scheme for enterprises
➤Central Bank interventions: Base rate cut to 4.25% from 6.25%
➤Central Bank interventions: Liquidity coverage ratio requirement relaxed from 100% to 80%

➤National response plan: Support package amounting to $26 billion in total
➤Financial support mobilisation: $1 billion mobilised for municipalities
➤Financial support mobilisation: $300 million pledged to the Solidarity Fund
Tanzania➤State of emergency: Not declared
➤Social distancing measure: Ban on public gatherings
➤Social distancing measure: Closure of learning institutions
➤Movement restrictions: Suspension of international flights
➤Movement restrictions: Suspension of foreign travel by public servants
➤Movement restrictions: Returning travellers subject to 14-day quarantine
➤Movement restrictions: Lorry vehicles limited to 3 people
➤Movement restrictions: Citizens and residents advised against international travel
➤Enforcement measures: Defence and security agencies to reinforce border surveillance
➤National response: No plan announced
➤Tanzania Private Sector Foundation mobilising private sector to contribute to fight
Uganda➤Lockdown: Total lockdown for two weeks from 31 March
➤Lockdown: Curfew from 7pm to 6.30am (cargo exempted)
➤Social distancing measures: Suspension of religious gatherings and meetings of more than 5 people
➤Social distancing measures: Shopping suspended at malls
➤Social distancing measures: Non-food stores closed
➤Social distancing measures: Lorry vehicles limited to 3 people
➤Social distancing measures: Schools and universities to re-open on 27 April and 2 May, respectively
➤Movement restrictions: Suspension of all passenger planes in and out of the country starting March 22 (cargo planes exempted)
➤Movement restrictions: Closure of all land, sea and air borders from 23 March
➤Movement restrictions: All border stations and customs warehouses remain open to facilitate trade and movement of cargo
➤Movement restrictions: Mandatory 14-day quarantine for travellers from high-risk countries
➤Movement restriction: Ban on all movement, including private cars
➤Movement restriction: Ban on outdoor exercise
➤Movement restriction: Local transport (bicycles and boda bodas) to operate until 5pm
➤Movement restriction: 14 April, COVID-19 related restrictions extended until 5 May
➤Social assistance scheme: Factories to make temporary camps for workers
➤Social assistance scheme: Food distribution campaign
➤Public health measures: Community testing for key workers (army, police, market vendors, truck vendors)
➤Tax incentives: Expedited repayment of government arrears to the private sector
➤Tax incentives: Amnesty on filing tax returns
➤Tax incentives: Deferral of certain payments to the Uganda Revenue Authority
➤Tax incentives: Deferral of taxes for most affected sectors
➤Mandatory employment measures: Supermarkets/food markets remain open with social distancing restrictions
➤Mandatory employment measures: Cargo trucks limited to one driver per vehicle
➤Adaptation of fee regime: Tax exemptions for medical items
➤Adaptation of fee regime: Reduction of charges on mobile and digital transactions
➤Central Bank interventions: Reduction of policy rate by 1 percent, down to 8 percent
➤Central Bank interventions: Increased lending capacity to support the private sector in COVID-19-related endeavours
➤Central Bank interventions: Issuance of Repurchase Agreements (REPOs) to provide liquidity to commercial banks for longer periods
➤Central Bank interventions: Supervised Financial Institutions (SFIs) to defer dividends and bonuses for 90 days
➤Central Bank interventions: SFIs allowed to restructure loans of affected corporate and individual customers twice over the next 12 months, without payment of arrears
➤Central Bank interventions: Purchase of treasury bonds to ease liquidity distress for certain types of institution
➤Financial support mobilisation: $80 million supplementary budget approved to support frontline sectors (including health and security)
➤Revision of expenditures: $1.3 million taken from the Contingency Fund to support the Preparedness and Response Plan
Zambia➤State of emergency: Not declared
➤Social distancing measure: Public gatherings limited to 50 people
➤Social distancing measure: Closure of educational institutions
➤Social distancing measure: Closure of bars, cinemas, clubs, gyms, casinos
➤Social distancing measure: Restrictions on religious gatherings, sports gatherings and hair salons lifted, though public health guidelines and social distancing still in place
➤Social distancing measure: Release of prisoners charged with misdemeanours
➤Movement restrictions: All international flights via Kenneth Kaunda International Airport
➤Movement restrictions: All travellers screened for symptoms and quarantined for 14 days
➤Movement restrictions: Cancellation of all tourist visas
➤Movement restrictions: Non-essential travel to be avoided
➤Movement restrictions: Suspension on non-essential government travel to high risk countries
➤Movement restrictions: Suspension of passenger railway services
➤Public health measures: Mandatory wearing of masks in public ➤Tax incentives: K6.62 billion mobilised to pay arrears to suppliers
➤Tax incentives: Removed provisions relating to claim of VAT on imported spare parts, lubricants and stationery
➤Loosening of customs measures: Import duties on mineral concentrate and export duties on precious metals suspended
➤Adaptation of fee regime: Waiver of tax penalties
➤Adaptation of fee regime: Suspension of custom duties and VAT on medical supplies
➤Central Bank interventions: Establishment of a refinancing facility worth K10 billion
➤Central Bank interventions: Introduction of revised loan classifications
➤Central Bank interventions: Mobile money transfer limits increased to limit use of cash transactions
➤National response plan: Stimulus package worth $142 million announced
➤Financial support mobilisation: Epidemic Preparedness Fund worth K57 million set up under Ministry of Health
➤Financial support mobilisation: Zambia in discussion with IMF around bailout package

Other topics in Measures and Restrictions