Last Updated: 11 March 2020
The National Education Sector Strategic Plan (NESSP) of 2018-22 is the country’s framework for governing the education sector. The NESSP is an all-inclusive, sector wide plan that spells out policy priorities, programmes and strategies. The Plan covers all tiers of education and builds on the successes and challenges of the National Education Sector Plan (NESP), which ran from 2013 to 2017.
The NESSP focuses on four key strategic objectives for education, training and research, which are: to enhance access and equity; to provide quality and competency based education, training and research; to strengthen management, governance and accountability; and enhance relevance and capacities for Science, Technology and Innovation in education, training and research for the labour markets.
The NESSP of 2018-2022 outlines the education sector reform implementation across five thematic areas: access and participation; equity and inclusiveness; quality and relevance; sector governance and accountability; and pertinent and contemporary issues and values. The total cost of NESSP is budgeted at KSh 2.985 trillion ($29.3 billion), with recurrent costs projected to account for approximately 90% of the total project cost. This is contrasted with KSh 1.766 trillion ($17.3 billion) budgeted for the NESP.
The government is also currently pursuing a reform of the education curriculum, which has shifted the education system from being based on knowledge to competencies. Its implementation began in January 2019 following the training of 180,000 teachers, with the pioneering students completing high school in 2027.
The sector is governed by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, which is also in charge of policy implementation, though pre-primary education is the preserve of county governments. In terms of expenditure, the National Government pays the wages and salaries for education sector personnel at all levels in the public sector, provides capitation grants to schools to fund free primary education and free secondary education bursaries, as well as administration and management costs. County resources and Constituency Development Funds are mainly invested in infrastructure development and scholarships, though they represent a small part of the total education budget.
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